Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) in Dallas, TX

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What is IBD (inflammatory bowel disease)?

IBD (inflammatory bowel disease) is a common way to describe inflammation in your GI tract. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can be categorized into two corresponding but separate diseases:

  • Crohn’s disease: Crohn's disease causes uncomfortable irritation of the gastrointestinal tract, namely your colon. It is generally seen at the end of the small bowel, the beginning of the colon, and may affect any portion of the GI tract from the mouth to the anus.
  • Ulcerative colitis: Ulcerative colitis also occurs through irritation of the colon but is generally accompanied by ulcerations in the tissue. It is limited to the large bowel.

Gastroenterologists usually detect and handle IBD. If you believe you might be affected by inflammatory bowel disease in Dallas, TX, please get in touch with Digestive Health Associates of Texas to connect with a GI physician in your area.

What causes inflammatory bowel disease?

Inflammatory bowel disease is generally characterized as an immune system malfunction. Just as when your body properly activates your immune system to attach bacteria or a virus, an abnormal immune system response can attack the cells in the gastrointestinal system. As a result, sections of the small bowel and colon become irritated. IBD does possess a genetic element and can be handed down from parent to child. Risk factors for IBD include:

  • Family history
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory pills (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen
  • Age: Most individuals diagnosed with IBD are lower than the age of 30
  • Tobacco use
  • Geography: Residing in an industrialized region and/or northern climates may heighten the chance of developing IBD
  • Ethnicity or race: IBD is most common among Caucasians and people of Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry, but can impact anyone

What are the signs of inflammatory bowel disease?

Symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease will diversify based on the disease and its severity. The standard signs of IBD include:

  • Stomach distress
  • Pressing needed to defecate
  • Rectal soreness
  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Unintentional weight changes
  • Joint pain or stiffness
  • Loss of typical menstrual cycle
  • Chronic exhaustion
  • Blood in your stool
  • Diarrhea
  • Mouth sores
  • Constipation
  • Discomfort or drainage near or around the anus
  • Abdominal distress
  • Sudden loss of weight

We urge you to reach out to a Digestive Health Associates of Texas gastroenterologist should you notice a lasting shift in bowel routines, or if you have any combination of the above indicators.

How is IBD diagnosed and treated?

IBD may be detected through different approaches, chosen by your physician depending on your symptoms. An endoscopy or a colonoscopy is commonly utilized to identify IBD. At times, additional imaging evaluations will be carried out, such as CT, x-ray, or MRI.

The main treatment goal is to alleviate the inflammation in your gastrointestinal system in an effort to reduce or eliminate symptoms. Treatment could, over time, lead to long-term remission of IBD. IBD treatments involve:

  • Iron supplements
  • Calcium and vitamin D supplements
  • Antibiotics
  • Enteral nutrition (liquid supplements)
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs targeted at an overactive immune
  • Anti-diarrheal medications
  • Surgery
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Affected by IBD?

Inflammatory bowel disease is not a life-threatening condition. However, if left unmanaged and untreated, over time, an individual with IBD might develop colon cancer or problems that could be fatal. As a highly experienced team of gastrointestinal specialists, Digestive Health Associates of Texas has several clinical trials to help manage the symptoms and optimize the lives of those dealing with inflammatory bowel disease. To get help for IBD in Dallas, TX, please get in touch with our GI office today.

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