Achalasia is a condition in which the lower part of the esophagus does not properly relax with swallowing.
The most common symptom is difficulty swallowing solid as well as liquid food. Consequently, other symptoms can include vague or sharp chest pain. In addition, it can also include regurgitation of food as well as severe heartburn. Lastly, the worsening of these symptoms could lead to weight loss.
The cause in most cases cannot be found, but it can be due to a viral infection. In addition, a variant of achalasia can also occur as a consequence of cancer. Consequently, it can develop at any time in life. In addition, it may also develop in young or adult men as well as women.
Firstly, diagnosis is usually made after a thorough medical evaluation which includes an upper GI x-ray as well as upper GI endoscopy. In addition, this is by High Resolution Esophageal Manometry (HREM). Consequently, HREM is necessary to provide a reliable diagnosis. In addition, it’s also used to determine technical details that can lead to the best decisions about treatment options.
Treatment includes specialized endoscopic dilatation techniques as well as minimally invasive endoscopic surgery (POEM technique). Therefore, many patients often require a specialized surgical procedure which is called a myotomy. Consequently, this can permanently address the problem. Lastly, Digestive Health Associates of Texas, P. A. physicians can help provide the entire spectrum of evaluation, non-surgical treatment. In addition, they can follow up for this diagnosis.